A chronic skin disorder called leucoderma or vitiligo [white patches] results in the development of pale, white spots on the skin.
An auto-immune disorder known as leucoderma, also called vitiligo, in which the body's immune system fails to recognize itself, the melanocytes are attacked and destroyed, causing a loss of melanin. This pigment protects the skin from the sun.
Melanocytes, specialized skin cells, are responsible for producing melanin. These white or light-colored patches can appear anywhere on the body, although they appear more frequently on the face's hands, neck, and other exposed portions. On darker skin, they are more easily seen.
The grafting of melanocyte cell suspension is the innovative method used. The layers of skin are separated by incubation with the trypsin enzyme after being taken from an entire region.
Large areas can be treated with a single session utilizing autologous epidermal cell suspensions and a modest donor graft. They produce excellent color matching, and the 95% success rate is exceptionally high for melanocyte transplants.
Skin grafting is a traditional technique in which healthy skin is used as donor tissue and surgically implanted into Vitiligo-affected regions. The newly transplanted skin begins to produce pigment.
The melanocytes in the transplanted normal skin continue to make melanin, giving the skin its darker hue. Skin transplantation has an 80 to 90 percent success rate in most patients.
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